A range hood or vent hood keeps your kitchen smelling fresh. Discover the variety of ventilation methods available for your kitchen.
Types of Range Hoods
Your kitchen’s layout, as well as the duct system in your home, will be the main factor in determining what type of range hood you can install. Find out which type is the best fit for your home.
Standard Over Range
A standard over range range hood is installed above your range or cooktop and equipped with a fan and a light. This type includes both under-cabinet hoods as well as wall mounted hoods with no cabinets.
This is a microwave oven and range hood combined in one unit, which is installed over a range or cooktop. The vent is situated on the bottom of the microwave and is able to disperse the hot air from the range or cooktop.
Built-in Over Range
To disguise the presence of your range hood, a built-in hood option can create a more streamlined look. The motor is hidden inside a cabinet with controls on a slide-out panel. Only a slim line is visible under the cabinet.
This type of hood is located under the counter, behind the cooktop. When it's needed, it pops up! The fan in the hood draws the hot air away from the cooking surface on the stove, filters it, and then exhausts it outside.
Size & Style
A range hood should be at least the width of your cooktop. Measure your cooking surface so you know what size range hood you are looking for. The location of your stove and cabinets are the determining factors when choosing what style of range hood you should install in you kitchen.
These hoods mount under the cabinets above your stove. This allows you to take advantage of having extra storage, since cabinets do not need to be removed for installation. There is a stove-to-hood clearance that should be adhered to when installing a range hood, which is why most pre-fab cabinets have specific shorter cabinets that can be installed over your stove to accommodate an under-cabinet hood. This is the most affordable style of range hood.
This style of hood can be installed when there are no cabinets over the range. The look of a wall-chimney hood is very stylish and therefore can become a focal-point in your kitchen and even a selling feature. Wall-chimney hoods are usually more expensive than under-cabinet hoods.
If your stovetop is on your kitchen island, this type of range hood can be mounted to the ceiling and vented through the ductwork. This type of hood is excellent at funnelling fumes away from your kitchen since it is suspended without walls or cabinets to obstruct air extraction. Island hoods can be a striking featuring in your kitchen.
The external method vents air outside of the house through your ductwork. Air cannot be vented into an attic or crawlspace. This is the most efficient and effective ventilation system, but it has a more intensive installation process.
Ductless hoods direct steam, heat and smoke away from your cooking area, and then re-circulate it back into the kitchen. While a filter can trap grease and reduce odours, this ventilation type is not as effective as venting externally.
Where ductwork isn’t available for installation, this type of hood directs air downward towards an existing return air system. This type of venting is not as reliable as external ventilation.
Many range hoods can be vented externally through your duct system, but also have the option to simply re-circulate air through a filter. A convertible hood is great if you are not certain of your kitchen layout and venting options or if you plan to take your appliances with you after a move.