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vacuums and carpet cleaners

Vacuums and Carpet Cleaners Glossary

Colour
The main colour this vacuum comes in.
Colour
The main colour this carpet cleaner comes in.
Upright
An all-in-one integrated vacuum with a motor and powerhead located on the bottom. A handle on the top is used to guide the machine.
Canister
The powerhead and floor tools are attached to a canister by wand(s) and a hose.
Specialty
Refers to hand vacuums and "stick" vacuums used for light cleaning.
Central
A built-in vacuum with a canister located in the basement or garage.A powerhead and hose plug in to wall outlets located in various rooms. This is a quieter running machine because the motor noise is contained away from the main parts of the house.
Carpet Cleaner
A machine that uses a combination of water and chemicals to get the dirt out of carpets.

UPRIGHTS GLOSSARY

Filtration Type
Filters are designed to trap household dirt and dust. The performance of your vacuum cleaner depends a great deal on the type of filter it uses and how it's maintained.

Tip: Don't wait until a bag is full to replace it. Even a half-full bag will reduce the cleaning efficiency of the vacuum. The build-up of dust and dirt eventually reduces airflow, affecting the ability of the machine to perform at its peak.

Triple - There's no escape for dirt with triple filter action. Dust and dirt are sucked into a paper filter bag in the chamber. The bags, which are made of a porous material, allow air to flow through and circulate through the vacuum chamber. Any dirt that escapes the bag filter will be caught by a second filter built in to the vacuum chamber and a third filter located near the machine's air exhaust.

Micron - The name for a tightly woven filter bag.

Hepa - Allergy sufferers will be relieved to know that a Hepa bag filters out virtually all pollens, household dust, mites and other allergens in a home. This patented form of filtration catches particles invisible to the naked eye.c 3M - The brand name of the top-of-the-line cloth-like filter bag. Ideal for allergy sufferers or people who forget to check and change bags. Even when it's full airflow and suction won't be affected.

5 Stage Micro - A type of filtration system.
Hose Type
Blow Molded - A light, flexible hose that is crush resistant.

Stretch Hose - With a little more give, this combination of plastic and rubber lets you maneuver around furniture to get at those hard to reach corners behind sofas and tables.

5.1 Stretch - Refers to the length the hose will stretch, in this case 5 feet for every 1 foot of hose.

7.1 Stretch - Refers to the length the hose will stretch, in this case 7 feet for every 1 foot of hose.
Bare Floor Switch
Located on the handle, this switch turns off the vacuum's agitator so you can easily move the machine from carpet to bare floor.
Performance Indicator
A light on the vacuum let's you know when the bag is full, or the airflow is restricted by something that's just been picked up.
Cleaner Type
Direct Air - Air is sucked directly through the motor and into the vacuum bag. One of the most efficient ways to get the dirt off your floor and into the vacuum!

Clean Air - Dirty air takes a bypass around the motor to get to the vacuum bag, keeping the motor clean and cool. Belts and motors last longer.

Cyclonic - Dirt and dust are sucked into a clear container where constant airflow keeps debris from clogging the vacuum. There's never a need to buy bags. When the machine is off, open the container and shake the contents into the garbage. Snap the container in place, and the machine is ready to get back to work.
Floor Brush
Floor brushes trap dirt in nylon or horsehair bristles where it's held until it can be sucked up into the vacuum bag.
Amperage
A misleading term that often confuses consumers. It refers to the machine's power, yet higher amperage has little impact on how well a vacuum does a job.
Cord Length (Ft.)
Consider the cord length if you've got a large room to clean. With a longer cord it's easier to move about a room without having to turn off the vacuum and switch electrical outlets.
Height Adjustment
Travel between carpeting, ceramic tiles or bare floors has never been easier. With a flick of a switch you can adjust the height of the vacuum for different surfaces.
On - Off Switch
Switches may be located on the handle, the vacuum body or on a nozzle. A handle switch is the most convenient.
Final Filter
Refers to the last filter air passes through before it exhausts out the vacuum. Generally located near the exhaust, it should be replaced on average every six months.
Bag Chamber Filter
A porous bag that traps dirt and dust while allowing air to pass through.
Dusting Brush
A soft brush attachment made for cleaning furniture, blinds and bookcases.
Upholstery Brush
A small palm-sized brush designed to clean dirt and dust off of chairs and sofas.
Crevice Tool
A long narrow tube that fits on the end of the wand. Great for getting at the cracks and crevices where crumbs fall.
Combination Brush
One tool with two functions - suitable for use on furniture or upholstery.
Edge Cleaning
Clean right up against baseboards or furniture without having to use a wand attachment. Brushes are located inside the edge of the powerhead.

One Side - Edge cleaning is available only on one side of the vacuum's powerhead.

Two Side - When it's a tight squeeze between furniture, brushes on both sides of the powerhead eliminate the need to move a sofa, chair or table.
Speed Control
Versatility in cleaning is available when the suction of the vacuum can be adjusted to suit a variety of surfaces, including drapery.

Single Speed - The vacuum operates on one speed.

Two Speed - The vacuum operates on two speeds.

Variable Speed - With variable speed control the vacuum's suction can be adjusted to suit the surface you're cleaning. Reduce the suction to prevent damage on fabric surfaces such as drapes and blinds.
Handle
Molded Plastic - The grip of the vacuum is made of durable molded plastic.

Back-Saver - This ergonomically designed handle takes the pressure off your back while you're operating the vacuum.

Looped - Designed for comfort, the looped handle allows your hand to rest comfortably while your arm is in motion.

Three Positions - Adjusts the vacuum into three different positions for easier cleaning in hard-to-reach spots such as under a bed or dresser.
Head Light
Take the mystery out of cleaning carpet and bare floors in rooms where the light may not be very bright. The headlight helps to illuminate any dirt and dust that may be hiding in dark corners.
Nozzle Size (In.)
Nozzles range in size from 12 to 15 inches. Smaller nozzles have a greater concentration of suction power. But if you have large rooms to clean, consider a machine with a 15-inch nozzle. It will cover a greater area of floor with fewer strokes of the vacuum.
Agitator Style
The agitator is a cylinder brush located in the powerhead. It comes in three styles: plastic, wood or metal. There is little difference in the performance of the materials.
Number of Wands
The wand is a tube-like pole that attaches to a vacuum hose and a floor, drapery or upholstery brush. Wands may be made of durable plastic or metal. On some models of vacuums the length is adjustable.People with cove-style ceilings or high shelving should consider selecting a model with a telescopic wand.
Extension Hose
Whether you've got a large room to clean or a high molded ceiling to reach, an extension hose is a handy accessory to have around. It simply attaches to the main hose to increasethe cleaning radius.
Carry Handle
Moving the vacuum from downstairs to upstairs is easier with a carrying handle built right into the body of the vacuum.
Dust Bag
Bag is located in chamber area to collect everything the vacuum picks up.Must be disposed of when it becomes full, or vacuum will perform at less than 100% efficiency.
Dirt Sensor
Even when you can't see dirt or dust, a dirt sensor finds it for you. After cleaning a section of carpet or floor, an electric light on the vacuum indicates if the area is clean (green) or needs to be gone over again (red).
Furniture Guard
A rubber guard mounted on the vacuum powerhead helps to protect your valuable home furnishings or base boards from unwanted bumps and scratches.
Belt-Less
Some vacuum models are able to run without a belt.

CANISTERS GLOSSARY

Quick Release Power Head
With the touch of a lever, the powerhead releases from the wand. This Kenmore exclusive feature is a time-saver for the consumer who has to switch from a carpet to a bare floor brush.
Amperage
A misleading term that often confuses consumers. It refers to the machine's power, yet higher amperage has little impact on how well a vacuum does a job.
Nozzle Type
Consists of one of these three types of cleaning actions: Straight Suction, Air Turbo or Electric Power.

Straight Suction - Suction powered airflow channeled through the nozzle and directed to the carpet surface.

Air Turbo - Airflow directed into the nozzle supplying power to rotate a brush, which sweeps the carpet surface.

Electric Power - Nozzle has a dedicated motor providing power to rotate an agitator, which sweeps the carpet surface while suction airflow draws litter into the main canister unit.
Type of Agitator
Tufted Brush - The agitator is a cylinder brush located in the powerhead. Brush styles can vary. A tufted brush simply means the bristles of the brush are imbedded into the agitator bar.

Beater Bars - In addition to bristles, plastic strips are imbedded into the agitator to make it easy to get dirt out of deep carpet.

Chevron Brush - Twin spiral brushes are geometrically placed to enhance cleaning performance.
Dust Bag
Bag is located in chamber area to collect everything the vacuum picks up.Must be disposed of when it becomes full, or vacuum will perform at less than 100% efficiency.

Regular - Standard

Micron - The name for a tightly woven filter bag.

3M - The brand name of the top-of-the-line cloth-like filter bag. Ideal for allergy sufferers or people who forget to check and change bags. Even when it's full airflow and suction won't be affected.

Bagless (Cyclonic) - Dirt and dust are sucked into a clear container where constant airflow keeps debris from clogging the vacuum. There's never a need to buy bags. When the machine is off, open the container and shake the contents into the garbage. Snap the container in place, and the machine is ready to get back to work.
Performance Indicator
A light on the vacuum let's you know when the bag is full, or the airflow is restricted by something that's just been picked up.
Bag Chamber Filter
A porous bag that traps dirt and dust while allowing air to pass through.
Exhaust filter
Located outside of the bag chamber area to filter air leaving bag before it exhausts back into the air.
Handle Style
Molded Plastic - The grip of the vacuum is made of durable molded plastic.

Back-Saver - This ergonomically designed handle takes the pressure off your back while you're operating the vacuum.

Looped - Designed for comfort, the looped handle allows your hand to rest comfortably while your arm is in motion.
Hose Length (Ft.)
Refers to the length of hose attached to the vacuum canister.
Cord Length (Ft.)
Refers to the length of the electrical cord attached to the vacuum canister.
On/Off Switch
Switches may be located on the handle, the vacuum body or on a nozzle. A handle switch is the most convenient.
Bare Floor Capacity
The ability to turn off the beater bar on bare floors, it may also come with straight air suction.
Variable Speed Control
Allows you to adjust the suction strength for different surfaces (i.e. lower to when cleaning curtains).
Overload Reset
Allows you to restart the vacuum after the agitator shuts down. Strings, cords or carpet fringes sometimes get wrapped around the agitator. If not removed, they can cause a belt to break, or worse a motor to burn out. When an object is caught in the agitator, stop the machine, remove the object and press the overload reset button to start the vacuum.
Powermate Junior Included
Stairs are no longer a challenge to clean with this pint-sized version of the powerhead. It's designed to fit perfectly on the average stair depth.
Floor Brush
Floor brushes trap dirt in nylon or horsehair bristles where it's held until it can be sucked up into the vacuum bag.
Dusting Brush
A soft brush attachment made for cleaning furniture, blinds and bookcases.
Upholstery Brush
A small palm-sized brush designed to clean dirt and dust off of chairs and sofas.
Crevice Tool
A long narrow tube that fits on the end of the wand. Great for getting at the cracks and crevices where crumbs fall.
Head Light
Take the mystery out of cleaning carpet and bare floors in rooms where the light may not be very bright. The headlight helps to illuminate any dirt and dust that may be hiding in dark corners.
Cleaning Path (In.)
The actual size of the cleaning width of your vacuum, also referred to as the size of 'cleaning path' the vacuum covers in each pass.
Cord Rewind
With the press of a button, the electrical cord automatically slips into the vacuum canister for easy storage.
Hose Swivel
Refers to the ability of the hose to move right or left of the vacuum canister. The radius of the hose may range from 150 to 360-degrees.
Edge Cleaning
Clean right up against baseboards or furniture without having to use a wand attachment. Brushes are located inside the edge of the powerhead.

One Side - Edge cleaning is available only on one side of the vacuum's powerhead.

Two Side - When it's a tight squeeze between furniture, brushes on both sides of the powerhead eliminate the need to move a sofa, chair or table.
Height Adjustment
Travel between carpeting, ceramic tiles or bare floors has never been easier. With a flick of a switch you can adjust the height of the vacuum for different surfaces.
Wands
The wand is a tube-like pole that attaches to a vacuum hose and a floor, drapery or upholstery brush. Wands may be made of durable plastic or metal. On some models of vacuums the length is adjustable.People with cove-style ceilings or high shelving should consider selecting a model with a telescopic wand.
Covered Tool Storage
You'll always know where the vacuum brushes are with this handy, out-of-sight storage compartment built-in to the canister.
Telescopic Wand
Allows you to adjust the height of the wand system to the most comfortable position based on your own personal height.Capable of adjusting to many different heights.
Combination Brush
One tool with two functions- suitable for use on furniture or upholstery.
Dirt Sensor
Even when you can't see dirt or dust, a dirt sensor finds it for you. After cleaning a section of carpet or floor, an electric light on the vacuum indicates if the area is clean (green) or needs to be gone over again (red).

CENTRAL VAC GLOSSARY

Home Size Up To
Refers to the square footage of your home. Choosing a central vacuum for your home is easy when you know it's square footage. Central vacuums are designed to meet the cleaning needs of homes ranging is size from 1,000 to 10,000 sq. ft.
High Performance Motor
A motor with more power than a standard motor.

2 stage (5.7 inches) - A 2 stage motor has 2 fan blades to help create the cleaning power. The 5.7 inches is the diameter of the motor.

3 stage (5.7 inches) - A 3-stage motor has 3 fan blades to help create a more powerful cleaning machine. The 5.7 inches is the diameter of the motor.

3 stage (7.2 inches) - A 3-stage motor has 3 fan blades to help create a more powerful cleaning machine. The 7.2 inches is the diameter of the motor.
Water Lift (Sealed Suction)
Water lift, or sealed suction, is an industry term used to describe the power of the central vacuum. The term "water lift" has caused confusion for some consumers who mistakenly take it to mean the vacuum can be used to clean-up water spills. In general, central vacuums should not be used to pick-up water.
Power Head
Motorized unit consisting of a wood or plastic agitator with brushes that are capable of cleaning carpets and bare floor.

Air Turbo - A non-electric powerbrush that has it's brush roller turned by the vacuum suction.

Electric Brush With Wooden Brush Roller Assembly - A powerbrush operating on 120-volts of electricity. The brush roller is made of wood.

Electric Brush With Beater Bar/ Brush Roller Assembly - A powerhead operating on 120-volts of electricity. The brush roller is made with a beater bar formed in the roller for superior cleaning. The beater bar vibrates the carpet, loosening the embedded dirt for the brushes to pick up.
Powerhead(Electric Brush) With Headlight
A powerhead with a built-in headlight helps you locate dust and dirt in dimly lit areas.
Hose Handle Function
2 Function - A switch on the handle grip of the hose turns the powerhead on and off.

3 Function - A switch on the handle grip of the hose turns the vacuum on and off, and allows you to turn the powerhead on and off when you move from carpet to bare floor cleaning.
Optional Paper Bag
Consumers have the option of installing a vacuum bag in the dirt pail. Bags provide finer filtration of dust particles, making life a little easier for those who suffer from allergies. Emptying the dirt pail is also easier when a bag is in place.
Hose Type
Straight Air Hose - A hose that has no electricity running through it to drive an electric brush. This hose is only used for air flow to the vacuum.

Low Voltage Hose -A hose with 24-volts of electricity flowing through it. It can only be used to turn the central vacuum on and off. It can not be used to run an electric brush.

Electric Hose -A hose with electricity running through it to allow either the operation of the central vacuum (24-volts), the powerhead (120-volts), or both.

Crush Resistant Electric Hose - An electric hose built so that you can step on it without damaging it. This lightweight hose won't damage baseboards.

Wire Vinyl Hose - A hose made of wire and vinyl. It's available as a non-electric or electric hose.
Floor Brush Included
A separate brush for bare floors is provided with the model.
Muffler
It keeps the peace with the neighbours by reducing the vacuum's exhaust air noise level. Mufflers work best when the exhaust is vented to the exterior of a home.
Protective Motor Hood
Keeps the motor safely out of the reach of small children while protecting it from any damage that might be caused by water. The hood also helps reduce the machine's noise level.
Easy Twist Off Dirt Pail
A light twist is all it takes to remove the dirt pail. The pail needs to be emptied on average two to three times a year. A handy viewing window lets see you see when the pail is filled.
Easy Release Wand System
When you want to change from a powerhead to a brush, the cleaning wand is detached by simply touching a release button with your foot or hand.
Self Cleaning Filter
This high performance filter protects the motor from dust and dirt. Designed so that it cleans itself.
Automatic Utility Inlet
This time-saving feature automatically turns the machine on when you plug the hose into a vacuum outlet.
Dirt View Window in Container
No more guessing about when to change a filter bag or empty the dirt pail. A small window in the pail allows you to see when it's filled.
Upholstery Brush Included
A small palm-sized brush designed to clean dirt and dust off of chairs, sofas and curtains is included with the vacuum package.
Dusting Brush Included
A soft brush attachment made for cleaning furniture, blinds and bookcases.
Crevice Tool Included
A long narrow tube that fits on the end of the wand. Great for getting at the cracks and crevices where crumbs fall.
Clip On Tool Caddy
A clip on attachment that provides convenient storage on the vacuum wand for the upholstery nozzle, dusting brush and crevice tool.
24 and 120-Volt Sentry Lights
This trouble-shooting device lets you know the unit has power, saving you unnecessary service calls. A green light tells you power is available to the vacuum, a red light comes on only when the unit is in operation.

SPECIALITY VACS GLOSSARY

Type of Vacuum
Hand Vacuum - A hand-held vacuum weighing between 0.45 kilograms (1 lb.)and 1.8 kilograms (4 lbs.). It's available in a variety of styles. Some run on batteries, others are powered by electricity. Model choices include electric driven brush rollers or straight air suction, dirt cups or paper bags. In all cases they are designed to clean upholstery, stairs and other small cleaning jobs.

Stick Vacuum - A lightweight vacuum designed like an upright, but without the power. Models weigh between 1.35 kilograms (3 lbs) and 2.25 kilograms (5 lbs), and come in a variety of styles. Options include rechargeable battery or electrical powered, and electric driven brush roller or straight air suction. Some have removable hands. Designed for small, or quick cleaning jobs.

Broom Vacuum - A stick vacuum that looks like a broom.

Combination Stick/Handle Vacuum - A stick vacuum with a removable hand. It can be used as a hand or stick vacuum.
Nozzle Type
There is a choice of electric nozzles, straight air suction, air turbine nozzle or battery powered.

Straight Suction - Suction powered airflow channeled through the nozzle and directed to the carpet surface.

Air Turbo - Airflow directed into the nozzle supplying power to rotate a brush, which sweeps the carpet surface.

Electric Power - Nozzle has a dedicated motor providing power to rotate an agitator, which sweeps the carpet surface while suction airflow draws litter into the main canister unit.
Easy Empty Dirt Cup
A dirt cup is a removable container on a vacuum that collects and holds dirt. It does not require a vacuum bag. The cup is emptied directly into the garbage.
On Board Tools
The hose and the crevice tool store on the vacuum.
Cord Length (Ft.)
Refers to the length of the electrical cord attached to the vacuum canister.
Edge Cleaning
Clean right up against baseboards or furniture without having to use a wand attachment. Brushes are located inside the edge of the powerhead.

One Side - Edge cleaning is available only on one side of the vacuum's powerhead.

Two Side - When it's a tight squeeze between furniture, brushes on both sides of the powerhead eliminate the need to move a sofa, chair or table.
Amperage
A misleading term the often confuses consumers. It refers to the machine's power, yet higher amperage has little impact on how well a vacuum does a job.
Motor Speeds
The ability to change the speed of the motor.

CARPET CLEANERS GLOSSARY

Style of Cleaner
Upright - On an upright carpet cleaner, the motor, powerhead and water tank or tanks are attached to the handle grip to form a single unit.

Canister - In a canister model, the motor and water tanks are contained in a separate unit from the powerhead. A hose connects the canister with the powerhead.
Type of Agitator
Air suction from the agitator loosens dirt and dust by lifting the carpet fibres with a cylinder brush, or series of round brushes, located in the powerhead.

Motor Driven Rotating Brush - A belt-driven motor rotates the agitator. The agitator is equipped with a brush that grabs dirt and dust from carpet fibres.

5 Rotating Brushes - Powered by air, the agitator is composed of 5 circular brushes that rotate clockwise and counterclockwise to clean a (12)-inch strip of carpet or bare floor in one sweep.

6 Rotating Brushes - Powered by air, the agitator is composed of 6 circular brushes that rotate clockwise and counterclockwise to clean a 14-inch strip of carpet or bare floor in one sweep.
Automatic Tool Conversion
No - Cleaning tool attachments and hose have to be connected manually.

Yes - The hose is automatically connected to the carpet cleaner. With the handle in the upright position, accessories, such as the powered hand tool and upholstery nozzle, can be attached for use on stairs, furniture and draperies. Separate Solution/ Recovery Tanks Yes - Warm clean water and waste water are kept separate in two removable tanks. Each tank holds 4.5 litres (1 gallon), or 4.5 kilograms (10 lbs.) of water, enough to clean an average-sized room. Handles on the tanks make it easy to lift and carry.

Tank in Tank - A liner in the tank separates the warm clean water from waste water. As the clean water is dispersed out the bottom of the tank, the liner slides down, making room for the dirty water coming in through the top of the tank. Eventually the dirty water fills the tank.
Solution Control
Built-in Measuring Cup - A measuring cup for cleaning solutions is built-in to the carpet cleaner. Smart Mix - The cleaning solution mix is automatically adjusted for heavy cleaning jobs when a control knob is adjusted. Clean Surge - For heavy cleaning jobs, 50 per cent more cleaning solution can be dispersed through the rotating brushes by pressing a button on the handle.
Powered Hand Tool Included
Most models include a powered hand-held brush that's ideal for cleaning stairs and upholstery.
Hose Length (Ft.)
Refers to the length of hose connected to the extractor. Cleaning tools for stairs and upholstery are attached to the hose.
Cord Length (Ft.)
Refers to the length of power cord connecting the carpet cleaner with an electrical outlet.
Bare Floor Tool Included
Most machines provide a special sponge tool for cleaning bare floors, such as ceramic. A carpet cleaner should never be used on hardwood floors.
Upholstery Nozzle Included
Most machines provide a non-brush tool for cleaning upholstery. When in use, it is attached to the hose.
Crevice Tool Included
Some machines provide a narrow tool for cleaning areas that upholstery nozzles and larger brushes can't reach.
Temperature Control
On some extractors the cleaning solution is automatically heated as it is being applied to the carpet.
Cleans Forward/Reverse
The cleaning action continues in both forward and reverse positions.
Agitator On/Off Switch
A switch on the handle of the unit turns the agitator on, or off.
Head Light
A headlight helps to illuminate the area of carpet or bare floor to be cleaned. Located at the front of the powerhead, some models are fitted with dual headlights.
Other
Any other feature (s) the product offers.